Five States to Watch

With the 2014 elections just behind us, many politicians are talking about bi-partisanship and the opportunities to work together to get things done. Yeah. Because there were no opportunities to do that for the last six years.

The only actions Congress will be taking during the next two years will be ones that benefit the Republican Party, corporations and the 1%.

The states are another matter entirely. The American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) insidiously provides state legislation that continues to erode the middle class in America, while ALEC’s evil little brother, the American City County Exchange (ACCE), does the same at the local and county level. There are 23 states that now have Republican control of both the state legislature and governor’s office. There are also seven states with Republican governors and split state legislatures. These states provide ALEC its best opportunities to undermine the rights of workers, destroy our environment, cut taxes for corporations and the 1%, and more.States To Watch Corporate Servitude Law

The states to watch will be Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey and New Mexico. These five states do not have the corporate servitude law known as “right-to-work.” Given that New Jersey Governor Chris Christie is contemplating a 2016 presidential bid, he may not wish to rile union members by supporting this anti-union law. Maine and Massachusetts are significantly more vulnerable. With newly elected Republican governors, these two states represent a long sought-after foothold in the Northeast for anti-union groups. Passing corporate servitude legislation in both of these states would give union busting groups the leverage they need to push for a national corporate servitude law.

In the meantime, keep an eye on Friedrichs v. California Teachers Association (pending before the US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit) and Hamidi v. SEIU Local 1000 (currently in California district court). These two cases are exactly what Supreme Court Justice Alito requested in his opinion on Harris v. Quinn in order to make corporate servitude the law of the land. On January 24, lead counsel in Friedrichs v. California Teachers Association filed a petition for writ of certiorari with the Supreme Court asking it to review the case.  If the Court grants the petition, the case likely will be heard in the fall of 2015, with a decision expected by June, 2016.

While Congress may continue to do nothing, there will be plenty of damage being done in the states. Labor unions will need to be vigilant.

You can learn more about ALEC at

RTW Quietly Mutates, Taking Attack on Workers to City, County Councils

By Ed Finkelstein

Like a deadly disease mutating into an even deadlier form, right-to-work has mutated in a new, more sinister direction.

Quietly, the American City County Exchange (ACCE) –– an initiative of the archconservative American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) –– has begun working to pass right-to-work laws at the city and county level.

Or at least that appears to be its public goal.

A review by the Labor Tribune of the group’s initial efforts clearly indicates a new right-wing strategy, one where RTW backers, whether they win or lose at the local level, expect legal challenges from the losing side that will ultimately get the issue before the U.S. Supreme Court.

The legal challenges, funded by the National Right To Work Foundation or the ultra-conservative Heritage Foundation, will wind up before what one reporter called “the corporate-friendly U.S. Supreme Court.”

Until now, ALEC has contented itself with providing template anti-union legislation for captive state lawmakers to submit as their own to try to cripple workers’ rights and collective power at the state level. Missouri is one of the states where ALEC has been extremely active. The failed RTW bill in this year’s legislative session was one of ALEC’s cookie-cutter bills.

Local Communities Easy Pickings

The new approach bypasses statewide efforts –– usually expensive and time consuming –– in favor of enacting boilerplate bills in local cities, towns, villages and counties where the effort is far less expensive and the influence of radical right-wing corporations and politicians is easier to exert.
At the local level, ACCE has two routes to travel: a local initiative petition, if it’s allowed by state law, or passing a local ordinance through the city council.

Currently, legal experts say such efforts are illegal. The common understanding is that federal law, under the 1947 Taft-Hartley Act, allows only states to enact RTW laws.

That has not deterred the ACCE. Heritage Foundation legal scholar Andrew Kloster, speaking at a recent Heritage Foundation forum, said the issue is simply not mentioned in Taft-Hartley, leading most to assume that Congress meant for only states to have that right.

And whether it’s legal may not matter. Win or lose at the local level, ACCE’s strategy is to prompt litigation –– at great expense to city and county councils –– with the ultimate goal of getting the issue to the U.S. Supreme Court.

Initial Targets Reject Effort

ACCE is currently focusing its efforts on three cities in Washington State. However, Ohio, Kentucky, Pennsylvania and New Mexico have been announced as targets as well. All are worker-friendly states that do not have an anti-worker, anti-union RTW law.

Just last week, city councils in two of the three targeted Washington State cities — Sequim and Shelton — unanimously rejected bills to ban union security clauses and outlaw strikes in their employees’ union contracts.

It only took a few hundred signatures to get the measures before the city councils. But the law was considered so onerous that even the lone Right Wing member of the Sequim council voted to kill the measures. During the public debate on the Sequim issues, one conservative right-wing speaker branded opponents of the anti-union measures as “communist sympathizers” and slammed “unemployment checks” as “nothing more than taking from one group and giving to another.”

Bargaining in Public

In the third city, Chelan, the local chamber of commerce is supporting an initiative petition drive. Here, under the guise of “transparency,” the proposed ordinance not only impacts city employees’ contracts, but seeks to force collective bargaining sessions to be open to the public.
City attorneys in Sequim and Shelton concluded that the effort was illegal. Additionally, the Sequim city attorney said the propositions “…attempt to do indirectly what they cannot do directly; collectively bargain through initiative. They put …taxpayers in jeopardy of paying for potential unfair labor practices.”

Reporter David Groves of the Washington State Stand said, “The city-by-city campaign against unions mirrors the new strategy of ALEC . . . to attack unions at the city and local level.”

Groves goes on to note: “The conservative Heritage Foundation just released a report urging that localities should ‘experiment’ with local right-to-work ordinances in an attempt to set up legal challenges that could go all the way to the corporate-friendly U.S. Supreme Court.”

Taking That Advice

It seems too that other Republican-controlled municipalities are already heeding the Heritage Foundation’s urging:

‘Did Away with Unions’

Fort Wayne’s anti-worker efforts have taken an even crazier approach.

In June, the city council approved a law that effectively eliminates the right of many municipal employee unions to play any role in bargaining, rendering most of the unions powerless. This did not apply to public-safety workers, however, who became the subject of a different law, passed in July, that imposes a more straightforward right-to-work ordinance on police and firefighters.

“Now, we don’t even have a seat at the table,” says Lloyd Osborne, business representative of the Operating Engineers Local 399 that represents street maintenance and water utility workers. “We can’t go on (workplace) property to represent or even speak to our members—or who used to be our members. They completely did away with the unions here under a local ordinance.”

No Legal Precedent

“Legal costs for the cities targeted by the Freedom Founding are already beginning to mount and could go much higher,” Groves notes

In an article in the Washington Examiner, ACCE director Jon Russell, while conceding there is little legal evidence supporting the group’s argument that cities and counties can pass such laws, notes that there is virtually no case law on the subject.

Thus ALEC’s/ACCE’s “get it up to the U.S. Supreme Court” strategy begins to take shape.

Diminish Local Governments

The Washington State Labor Council reports:
“At ALEC’s 2014 spring meeting, Utah Senator Howard Stephenson (R-Salt Lake City) called for diminishing local control of politics. He said, ‘School boards and city councils take away liberties quicker than the federal government. Local governing entities can be a roadblock to the ALEC agenda, so their power needs to be preempted and removed.’”

The Council notes the Freedom Foundation, an Olympia, WA-based conservative organization with close ties to ALEC, “uses words like ‘transparency’ and ‘choice,’ but they hide the fact that they are funded by out of state billionaires and their agenda is straight out of the corporate playbook. They could not pass these ideas on a statewide level, so they are trying to destroy workers’ rights on a city-by-city level.”